Health systems, communicable diseases and integration

The HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria pandemics pose substantial challenges globally and to health systems in the countries they affect. This demands an institutional approach that can integrate disease control programmes within health and social care systems. Whilst integration is intuitively appealing, evidence of its benefits remains uncertain and evaluation is beset by lack of a common understanding of what it involves. The aim of this paper is to better
define integration in health systems relevant to communicable disease control. Researchers conducted a critical review of published literature on concepts, definitions, and analytical and methodological approaches to integration as applied to health system responses to communicable disease.

Document Date: 23 September, 2010
Author: Altynay Shigayeva, Rifat Atun, Martin McKee, and Richard Coker